Black Carbon is an Australian manufacturing company delivering high quality Firearms related accessories for civilian, government and military use.
All targets/target systems by Black Carbon are manufactured in Australia at our 3500 sqm Dandenong Sth production facility. Strict quality control, continual testing, improvement and innovation make Black Carbon your #1 choice in target systems.
Whether you shoot practical pistol style matches, long range precision, 3 gun, a mix of all or simply looking to improve your skill's we offer target systems to suit. We are currently the only Australian target manufacturer offering off the shelf target option's that are capable of handling firearm calibers right up to .50 BMG. All of Black Carbon’s steel targets and components of our target support systems are made using Australian made BISALLOY® 500 through hardened armoured steel plate ensuring you receive excellent value, factory backed, long lasting solutions.
In addition to our stock range we also offer custom engineered systems and conduct works for spec applications.
Through our company group we can offer;
CNC 4 axis mill machining
CNC brake press folding (4000mm to 200 ton)
Precision surface grinding
CNC EDM wire cutting
CNC EDM spark erosion
400 power pressing (tooling presses)
Guillotine and general cutting
Overhead crane capacity's to 12 ton
MIG, TIG and resistance welding capability's
CAD design support and engineering
Strength and deflection testing up to 20ton point or distributed load
Future accreditation to ISO AS9001:2015. Will be acquired mid 2020, should you immediately require works completed in ISO AS9001:2015 we can assign this to our "sister" company which currently holds accreditation.
If you have any further questions about Black Carbon please don't hesitate to get in contact with us.
Our targets come with a 100% Satisfaction guarantee!
This means that if our targets don't live up to the target rating, then we will replace it for FREE!
Our targets are made from certified Bisalloy 500 Steel which is a hardened steel used for its resistant qualities against ballistic projectiles. Other uses of BIS500 includes armoured cars, limousines, patrol vehicles, protected buildings which require protective armour qualities.
Each steel target comes with a certification code number on the back of the label which matches to its specific ballistic certification, this is just one way we ensure we provide only the best quality!
To receive your free replacement target, we require:
Images prior to return - to ensure its a 'Black Carbon' Target.
The target to be returned for analysis and testing and
Information on calibre used, distance, etc.
If the target doesnt live up to its rating, then presto, you get a free replacement target. Simple!
We are so confident that our ballistic steel will live up to their ratings, that we have added this guarantee :)
For our target stand systems, all you need is a 18mm deep socket on a 1/2'' drive ratchet. If you add a 100mm extension to this, then it's even easier. All our system's are single tool designed meaning you don't need two tools to hold a bolt or nut as you do up the other side of that bolt or nut.
The only exception to the above is the pendulum swinger system where a 18mm ring spanner is require to fasten the front mounting plate.
The following short article is full of important information and will help you make more informed decisions, please take a moment to read it.
Selecting the right target size and thickness for your application is important, appropriate target thickness and mounting contribute significantly to a longer service life.
Unfortunately there is no single easy answer as it's a question with many factors involved, such as;
What velocity is it being developed. (at target impact)
How much energy is being delivered into the target plate.
What projectile design is being used.
What type of shooting are you doing, ie; practical pistol, long range rifle, 3 gun..?
These questions combine to create a variety of answer's we cannot easily solve with graph or a chart.
However, to give a basic perspective of appropriate thickness (energy figures applicable at target distance, velocity of 2750 FPS or below recommended for all):
8mm thickness can be used for pistol or rifle producing up to 1200 ft/lbs of energy into a semi static mounted target, or 1500ft/lbs energy for a dynamically mounted target. Conventional lead, lead/copper jacket projectiles only.
12mm thickness is used for projectiles producing from 1200ft/lbs to 4500 ft/lbs of energy into a semi static mounted target, or 1500ft/lbs to 5000ft/lbs energy for a dynamically mounted target. Conventional lead, lead/copper jacket projectiles, also a base limit for Copper/brass monolithic projectiles.
16mm thickness is recommended for projectiles producing upward of 4500 ft/lbs of energy into a semi static or dynamically mounted target. Also recommended for copper/brass monolithic projectiles regardless of energy levels.
In addition to the above, important considerations need to be made regarding projectile velocity. We know that as velocity starts to exceed around 2750fps the probability of target wear, erosion and potential failure begins to increase. The level/type of wear or possible failure will depend on projectile diameter (calibre), projectile type, it's velocity at impact (MOST IMPORTANT) and method of target mounting. If you must shoot at velocity's exceeding the 2750fps level (at target impact distance not muzzle) we recommend mounting the target dynamically.
WHATS A SEMI STATIC MOUNTED TARGET? WHATS A DYNAMIC MOUNTED TARGET?
Semi static mounting is how we refer to targets mounted in our upright system's, they are mounted to a fixed head, target movement is very limited, only the urethane pillow block's and natural flex of the upright system allow for any form of shock cushioning. This mounting is particularly useful in fast paced style's of shooting where the target needs to maintain it's aspect to the shooter as it's being continually engaged.
Dynamic mounting is when the target is allowed to hang, free to move and absorb impact, limited only by the chains or securing method that holds it at it's natural hanging point. Dynamic mounting is the most mechanically "kind" way of mounting a target. As the projectile strikes the target, it's energy/velocity is reduced by the target commencing it's rearward movement. This in turn reduces some of the shock and impact wear on the target plate, hence with this mounting method the same target plate can be rated to higher energy usage than if it was semi statically mounted.
Target failure in any steel target system is primarily due to one reason and one reason only;
The level of energy/velocity being delivered into the target is greater than the target material's tensile ability to contain or resist.
Energy (as far as the target is concerned) is created by projectile weight and it's velocity, the only "modifier" to this is the projectile design. Projectile design has significance because of the way a projectile carries or delivers it's energy into the target, if the projectile deforms and progresses quickly to fracturing then it's not delivering as much destructive energy into the target plate as a projectile that holds together or has a higher more blunt level of fracturing.
For example, if we use the same calibre, could create the same projectile weight, same velocity, hence same energy at impact but only change the projectiles;
Hollow point boat tail (HPBT),
The tungsten cored AP projectile,
We know the HPBT will be defeated by the hardened target plate, we also know the AP round will probably go through the target plate (depending on thickness and projectile velocity) or at very least significantly damage it.
Calibre and plate thickness hypotheticals don't matter in the above example, the point being made is that any velocity/energy scale for the selection of target plate thickness will be modified by the projectile being used.
Good projectiles to use - HPBT, Polymer tipped varmint type projectiles, lead round nosed, any projectile design that has a "crumple" or "cushioning zone" area.
Not so good projectiles - Wadcutters or anything that has a fairly flat front that's impact into the target plate is not cushioned or crumpled by pointed or rounded area. (are still ok to use, but they do increase localised pressure on the target plate).
Bad projectiles to use - Anything steel or tungsten cored usually designed for dangerous game hunting, or anything designed with armour piecing potential or capability.
Brass/copper monolithic and type projectiles are fine for use with our target plates. We encourage caution to ensure safe distance, these projectiles do have a higher fracture pressure than conventional copper jacketed lead projectiles. For this reason, fragments from projectile disintegration could travel further.
Elevated levels of velocity does dramatically increase target plate wear, at velocity's of 2750+fps (at target impact not muzzle) cratering or pitting begins to form. Increasing velocity higher and higher then begins to have an almost compound effect on the level of target plate erosion. Once again this can be dependent on the projectile being used and the method of target mounting.
At the more extreme end of high velocity ammunition (say 3500+fps) thermal erosion can begin to take place, again depending on the type of projectile being used the level of wear will differ. In some conditions thermal erosion can be viewed in the form of pyrolytic sparks at moment of projectile strike.
We don't place a velocity limit on our targets, it's your target what you do with it is up to you. The best method of not damaging your target plate due to velocity is to move to a further distance. We know at around 3500+FPS an 8mm plate will be neatly drilled by a number of classic varmint type projectiles. That said, very few high velocity calibre's are capable of carrying this level of velocity to a target plate placed at around 200 meters and beyond. In cases of high velocity shooting, distance is your best friend, go far enough to get the velocity low enough.
We hope this article has been helpful, if you have any further questions please don't hesitate to get in contact with us.
All Black Carbon Steel targets are manufactured from laser cut, Bisalloy Steel Pty Limited’s BISPLATE® 500. This material can also be referred to as Bis500 or Bisalloy® 500. The grade of 500 denote's the brinnell hardness and consequential basic tensile strength of the plate.
In addition to our targets we also use BISPLATE® 500 in high strike probability sections of our target support systems. These sections are; all vertical posts and hanging crossbeams, additionally we also offer optional base crossbeam armour kits for our upright stands.
BISPLATE® 500, (Bis500, Bisalloy®500) is a directly comparable material to AR500. The differences between them are insignificant and can only really be differentiated through chem composition analisys. For the purposes of target material and armour they perform identically.
AR500 is the most commonly used North American material, hence why you are so likely to see it used and featured in various media sources. A common feature with both Bisalloy® and AR steel's is the grade number referred to after the trade name, i.e 600, 500, 450, 400 or 320 and so on.
This number is important when it counts to a materials suitability or usage as a target or armour material.
- A higher number refers to a harder but more brittle material
- A lower number refers to a softer but less brittle, more malleable material.
The hardness/wear grade of 500 is generally the industry accepted standard for a cost effective grade of target steel. It is the ideal compromise for safe usage and service life, hard enough to defeat conventional projectiles, malleable and shock resistant enough not to shatter or easily fracture.
BISPLATE® and BISALLOY® are registered trademarks of Bisalloy Steel Pty Limited.
We have 16mm thick Bis500 targets for shooters with big calibre rifles generating 4500+ ft/lbs of energy just busting to let loose.
- We do recommend, caliber's in the 4500+ ft/lbs being at least a minimum of 300 metres from targets.
- Black Carbon vertical target posts and hanging beams are made from Bisalloy®500 hardened steel, designed to accept accidental strikes, do not purposefully shoot at frames.
- Targets should be mounted Dynamically (i.e swinging on chain mounts)
- Consideration should be given to projectile design. Pointed, polymer tipped, hollow pointed, aluminium tipped are better than flat or heavy round nosed profiles as the front of the projectile is acting as a "crumple zone" on impact.
- A velocity at impact of 2750fps or less is recommended. Increased plate erosion/pitting, potential fracture and finally drilling will occur as velocity increases above 2750fps. Check a reputable ballistic calculator for this info.
Be safe when shooting. If you are in doubt about any safety aspects of a shoot then there is no doubt, it's not safe. Be sure, Be safe.
Black Carbon targets are unpainted. The cost of us providing them painted, especially given that you are going to need to touch them up after the've been hit a few times makes it a little pointless. Additionally many people have differing thoughts and preferences on what is the best colour, some prefer yellow, some red, some fluro pink. Personally we find the white works best, it stand's out well in most optics, strikes show up a good visible contrast to the base steel. Any fast dry type paint will do, try to find an Australian made supplier, we know "Hi-chem" currently do Australian made cans. Just follow the paint can instructions and keep in mind the paint will be removed during projectile strikes. We do not recommend having your targets powder coated and please never have your armoured target plates Hot Dip Galvanised (you run the risk of annealing the armour plate).
All our target mounting systems and other components are black E-coated. E-coat process is best described as a polarity charged dip painting. It is a process where a metal part is immersed in a solution containing a paint emulsion. An electric voltage is applied to the part causing the paint emulsion to condense onto the part. We use this process as it provides a level of visually acceptable finish and a good level of corrosion protection as the paint gets into all cavity areas of the system.
To touch up any of our systems where "frag" or "spall" (projectile splatter/disintegration at impact, completely normal) have chipped or removed paint just use any Black Satin or Black Semi Gloss for a reasonably close match.... or go nuts and camo the whole thing! :)
Nearly all Black Carbon Targets are interchangeable on any of our stands.
We have designed our targets and support systems for modularity so you can expand, change and customise as best fits your shooting needs.
The Exception to the rule is: The height of the stand and the weight of the target.
Care must be taken to limit target weight when using a full height (1800mm and or 1500mm) upright stand especially in forward angle position.
We recommend using smaller targets for these heights rather than a large 16mm/12mm thicknesses.
For Example: The 16mm thickness targets are designed to be suitable for larger calibre rifles, when you combine this high calibre energy with 1800mm ( 1.8 meter ) of stand height and a heavy target load, the leveraged force may cause the target and stand to tip over if unpegged or secured.
Please view the chart below to determine target/stand suitability.
NEVER EVER SHOOT INTO A NORMAL MILD STEEL TARGET! IF ANYONE TELLS YOU IT IS SAFE, PLEASE INFORM THEM, IT IS NOT! NORMAL MILD STEELS AND OTHER METALS ARE EXTREMELY DANGEROUS TO SHOOT AT, THEY HAVE A BAD HABIT OF RETURNING FRAG/SPALL STRAIGHT BACK IN THE DIRECTION THE PROJECTILE CAME FROM.
OUR BISALLOY500 TARGETS ARE A SPECIFIC GRADE OF THROUGH HARDENED STEEL USED TO ENSURE FRACTURING OF THE PROJECTILE IN A CONTROLLED MANNER. BISALLOY 500 TARGETS ARE SAFE TO SHOOT AT, OUR ARMOURED TARGET PLATES ARE SPECIFICALLY DESIGNED FOR THIS USE
Always follow all firearms safety rules at all times when shooting. Safety is your responsibility not someone else's.
Always consider target placement and target plate angle, where will "frag" (disintegrating projectile) go to? Black Carbon shooting target frames give you the option to angle the entire post forward to create more downward "fragmentation" bias.
NEVER EVER shoot steel ball bearings, pellets, BB's, etc, at steel armour targets. Steel pellets, BB's, Air gun pellets and in some cases .22's have a significantly higher chance of bounce back. Projectiles must ideally fragment upon striking Bis500 steel targets.
Never shoot on steel targets that have been damaged or deformed in any way as this may cause frag splash at unexpected angles.
Shooters and spectators must wear eye and ear protection.
Always use your targets in a safe manner and do not stand too close or engage targets at an unreasonably close distance. Projectile fragments can carry some distance.
Never use steel targets for purposes outside their design, if you are in doubt about the set up or safe use of a target then there is no doubt, you should not use it, seek further suitably qualified advice.
Do not use armor-piercing, steel-core, tungsten cored or other hardened ammunition
Pistol Distance: 15 metres minimum distance from the target; Maximum 1,500 fps lead/jacketed ammo only.
Rifle Distance: 150 metres minimum distance from the target; extend this to 200 meters when using calibers creating higher than 4500 ft/lbs energy at impact. Remember the job of the steel target is to disintegrate the projectile, not deflect it. Velocity of 2750fps is ideally the max velocity at impact and should be adhered to.
Do not weld or modify plate.
Shoot steel targets straight on, not at steep angles; Consider all uncontrollable directions and potential dangers of frag splatter or ricochet from misses.
Projectile splatter may be hot; do not use in dry grass or near other combustable materials during high risk fire periods.
If the target becomes bent, cratered or damaged in any way, replace it.
Shooting steel (Bis500 armoured plate, not normal steel) is a very safe form of shooting that thousands of people world wide engage in every day. Make safety a priority, make sensible choices and you'll have a heap of fun.
All products sold by Black Carbon may be returned within 30 days of the original invoice date for a refund or store credit. All returns require an order number, and freight charges are strictly non-refundable. No returns will be accepted on opened or otherwise used products. Customers can return their items in person or via mail. Failure to comply with the terms stated herein, may result in delayed processing and/or refusal of return. Items that were shipped incorrectly, or have been damaged in transit, must be reviewed by a member of our customer service team.
Please make sure that returned orders are shipped well and the product and packaging is not damaged.
Any used items are not eligible for return unless an agreement is made with Black Carbon in the case that the target has not lived up to its specifications rating. All other products which have simply been 'used' cannot be returned.
REFUSED / UNDELIVERABLE ORDERS
Refused or undeliverable orders that are returned to our factory will be treated like a standard return; this means that all shipping costs, including return freight charges and any fees attributed by the shipping company will be deducted from the product refund or charged to the order if the customer elects to re-ship.
Black Carbon targets have a 100% satisfaction guarantee which means, if our targets do not live up to their rating, then we will replace this free of charge (terms and conditions apply) Items which are stated by customers to not comply with rating will be tested and evaluated prior to a refund or return being approved. Please see "100% Satisfaction guarantee" tap in the Q&A section on our website.
We deliver products Australia wide using couriers please, northline, fastways TNT, TOLL IPEC and limited times Australia Post at very competitive rates. Due to new costs being introduced by couriers.
At times, for large pallet orders, we may arrange for your to be delivered and held at your local depot available for pickup.
We always recommend that you put your business address as your delivery address to ensure successful delivery. Alternatively you can select ATL (Authority to Leave) in the checkout and your package will be left at your front door.
Authority to leave - what does this mean?
Our deliveries are tracked. 'Authority to leave' means the courier will put the package in a safe place out of the weather according to your instructions. Generally this is placed at the front door, if no safe place is available or is couriers cannot successfully deliver due to having no access, this item may be placed at a local depot, in which case it is the customers responsibility to arrange pickup.
Authority to leave terms & conditions
Black Carbon's agent will leave your parcel at your premises in accordance with your instructions. Please note that the driver does not require a signature often he/she will not try to obtain one so parcels may be delivered without knocking/ringing.
You agree that the parcel is deemed received when left at your premises.
Black Carbon, and contractors associated with the delivery, do not accept responsibility for any loss or damage which results from this Authority to Leave delivery method. You agree to release ‘Black Carbon’ from and against any and all claims, demands, liabilities, losses, costs and expenses, including financial and other consequential losses, made, suffered or incurred by you or any other person or entity as a result of this Authority to Leave.
In stock orders are dispatched same day if ordered before 10:00am otherwise following business day if after 2:00pm. For larger orders dispatch may take up to 3 working days. Out of stock orders shipping will range between 1-7 days. Any orders longer than 7 days will be discussed with you either by phone/email. Domestic shipping times are estimated at between 1-5 business days depending on your location within Australia.
couriers please, northline, fastways TNT, TOLL IPEC and Australia Post ships goods Australia wide. At this time we do NOT accept international orders through our website, please contact us via live chat, email or phone to enquire about an international order.
Our new state of the art website is also our stock control system. This means that the stock is instantly updated as sales are made. You can be sure that if its in stock online, we will ship your order immediately. We ensure that all products in stock are posted within 1 working day of receipt of an order. An automated email will be sent to your email confirming shipping and tracking information once the order has shipped. Any orders including a backordered product will ship out in full once all products are in stock.
We have a wide range of payment options available to make it as easy as possible for you to finalise your order. Our online checkout system accepts credit cards (MasterCard, Visa and Amex), as well as PayPal. We also offer Direct deposit, but these orders will need to be processed manually, please email or call us for this payment method. Cash/eftpos on pick up is available in store at our manufacturing factory in Dandenong South, Victoria.
All pricing on the website is inclusive of GST. We believe this is the easiest and fairest way to display product prices.
We manufacture all of our target systems in house, we currently have stock of all targets. Currently we are building stock levels of our target systems and as these become available this will be reflected on the product page.
During our initial (current) stock manufacturing period we may have production lead times on applicable products and although we will make every effort for a speedy delivery, we will not sacrifice the quality of our product by cutting corners, rushing sub-par products out the door.
Updates will be given to customers on estimate delivery dates and / or expected lead times, payments are processed at the time of checkout.
Our Service Black Carbon and services provided to you on and through Black Carbon are on an "as is" basis. You agree that the owners of Black Carbon exclusively reserve the right and may, at any time and without notice and any liability to you, modify or discontinue Black Carbon and its services or delete the data you provide, whether temporarily or permanently. We shall have no responsibility or liability for the timeliness, deletion, failure to store, inaccuracy, or improper delivery of any data or information.
Products. Black Carbon assumes no liability for your use or misuse of any item(s) sold or donated, including without limitation any incidental or consequential liability. Black Carbon targets are intended for a specific use as part of a inherently dangerous activity. All warranties,no oral agreement or warranty of any kind shall be binding. Statements, images, or descriptions are informational only, and not made or given as a warranty in any way. Black Carbon specifically disavows any other representation, warranty, or liability related to the condition or use of the items sold. Black Carbon does not cover any consequential damages, and its liability is limited to repairing or replacing defective items. Every item is sold "as is" and "with all faults". The entire risk as to the quality and performance of the product is with the buyer. All risk of injury is assumed by and shall pass to the purchaser.
Note: Laws in Australia vary from state to state and as such please check with your local firearms authority. We accept no responsibility for irresponsible behaviour. Always be safe.
Your Responsibilities and Registration Obligations In order to use Black Carbon, you agree to provide truthful information when requested, and be at least the age of thirteen (13) or older. When registering or ordering, you explicitly agree to our Conditions of Use and as may be modified by us from time to time and available here.
Registration and Password You are responsible to maintain the confidentiality of your password and shall be responsible for all uses via your registration and/or login, whether authorized or unauthorized by you. You agree to immediately notify us of any unauthorized use of your registration, user account or password.
Your Conduct You agree that all information or data of any kind, whether text, software, code, music or sound, photographs or graphics, video or other materials ("Content"), publicly or privately provided, shall be the sole responsibility of the person providing the Content or the person whose user account is used. You agree that Black Carbon may expose you to Content that some may find to be objectionable or offensive. We shall not be responsible to you in any way for the Content that appears on Black Carbon nor for any error or omission.
You explicitly agree, in using any service provided, that you shall not: (a) provide any Content or perform any conduct that may be unlawful, illegal, threatening, harmful, abusive, harassing, stalking, defamatory, libellous, vulgar, obscene, offensive, objectionable, pornographic, designed to or does interfere or interrupt Black Carbon or any service provided, infected with a virus or other destructive or deleterious programming routine, give rise to civil or criminal liability, or which may violate an applicable local, national or international law; (b) impersonate or misrepresent your association with any person or entity, or forge or otherwise seek to conceal or misrepresent the origin of any Content provided by you; (c) collect or harvest any data about other users; (d) provide or use Black Carbon and any Content or service in any commercial manner or in any manner that would involve junk mail, spam, chain letters, pyramid schemes, or any other form of unauthorized advertising without our prior written consent; (e) provide any Content that may give rise to our civil or criminal liability or which may constitute or be considered a violation of any local, national or international law, including but not limited to laws relating to copyright, trademark, patent, or trade secrets.
Third Party Services Goods and services of third parties may be advertised and/or made available on or through Black Carbon. Representations made regarding products and services provided by third parties are governed by the policies and representations made by these third parties. We shall not be liable for or responsible in any manner for any of your dealings or interaction with third parties.
Indemnification You agree to indemnify and hold us harmless, our subsidiaries, affiliates, related parties, officers, directors, employees, agents, independent contractors, advertisers, partners, and co-branders from any claim or demand, including reasonable attorney’s fees, that may be made by any third party, that is due to or arising out of your conduct or connection with Black Carbon or service, your provision of Content, your violation of this Conditions of Use or any other violation of the rights of another person or party.
Disclaimer of Warranties You understand and agree that your use of Black Carbon and any services or content provided (the “Service”) is made available and provided to you at your own risk. It is provided to you “as is” and we expressly disclaim all warranties of any kind, implied or express, including but not limited to the warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, and non-infringement. We make no warranty, implied or express, that any part of the service will be uninterrupted, error-free, virus-free, timely, secure, accurate, reliable, of any quality, nor that any content is safe in any manner for download. You understand and agree that neither us not any participant in the service provides professional advice of any kind and that use of such advice or any other information is solely at your own risk and without our liability of any kind.
Limitation of Liability You expressly understand and agree that we shall not be liable for any direct, indirect, special, incidental, consequential or exemplary damages, including but not limited to, damages for loss of profits, goodwill, use, data or other intangible loss (even if we have been advised of the possibility of such damages), resulting from or arising out of (i) the use of or the inability to use the service, (ii) the cost to obtain substitute goods and/or services resulting from any transaction entered into on through the service, (iii) unauthorised access to or alteration of your data transmissions, (iv) statements or conduct of any third party on the service, or (v) any other matter relating to the service.
Reservation of Rights We reserve all of our rights, including but not limited to any and all copyrights, designs, trademarks, patents, trade secrets, and any other proprietary right that we may have in Black Carbon, its content, and the goods and services that may be provided. The use of our rights and property requires our prior written consent. We are not providing you with any implied or express licenses or rights by making services available to you and you will have no rights to make any commercial uses of Black Carbon or service without our prior written consent.
Notification of Copyright Infringement If you believe that your property has been used in any way that would be considered copyright infringement or a violation of your intellectual property rights, please contact us.
Applicable Law You agree that this Conditions of Use and any dispute arising out of your use of Black Carbon or our products or services shall be governed by and construed in accordance with local laws where the headquarters of the owner of Black Carbon is located, without regard to its conflict of law provisions. By registering or using Black Carbon's product and service you consent and submit to the exclusive jurisdiction and venue of the county or city where the headquarters of the owner of Black Carbon is located.
Miscellaneous Information (i) In the event that this Conditions of Use conflicts with any law under which any provision may be held invalid by a court with jurisdiction over the parties, such provision will be interpreted to reflect the original intentions of the parties in accordance with applicable law, and the remainder of this Conditions of Use will remain valid and intact; (ii) The failure of either party to assert any right under this Conditions of Use shall not be considered a waiver of any that party's right and that right will remain in full force and effect; (iii) You agree that without regard to any statue or contrary law that any claim or cause arising out of Black Carbon or its services must be filed within one (1) year after such claim or cause arose or the claim shall be forever barred; (iv) We may assign our rights and obligations under this Conditions of Use and we shall be relieved of any further obligation.